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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Wiki ImageTransformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Wiki ImageTransformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models.
A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary.
But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models.
A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

Layout (Three columns with fixed frame and clear:left)

Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary.
But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models.
A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

Layout (Three columns with fixed frame and clear: both)

Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary.
But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models.
A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165).

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Transformational E-government???

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Transformation generally means a fundamental, rapid, and wide-ranging change and, accordingly, sounds rather evolutionary than revolutionary. But "transformational e-government" is rarely defined clearly in e-government stage models. A final stage of e-government "would transform governments themselves, would fundamentally transform relations between governments and the governed, and ultimately, would produce electronic democracy" (Norris and Reddick 2013: 165). This transformational thesis includes not only transformation (Baum and Di Maio 2000), participation (Hiller and Belanger 2001), and democracy (West 2005), but also even integrated (joined-up) or one stop services (Hiller and Belanger 2001; Layne and Lee 2001; Ronaghan 2002; West 2005).
This transformation or participation cannot, however, be conceptually juxtaposed with static information, interaction, transaction, and integration stages along the same continuum in that the former, unlike the latter, does not say anything about a learning pathway, degree of integration, or technological sophistication. This transformation thesis appears to simply reflect aspiration for or hype of e-government, and/or technological transformation (as opposed to organizational or political transformation) without any logical explanation for why. From a historical perspective of information systems maturity modeling, DeBri and Bannister (2015) argue that the last stage is aspirational and has not been observed empirically (p.2225). It is implicitly assumed that new and more sophisticated technologies are always better and preferred (Course and Norris 2008).
Copyright 2016 Introduction to Electronic Government